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We all know how annoying blackheads and whiteheads are. Stubborn, painful to remove and leaves scar marks if we try to squeeze them. Personally since young, I’ve been battling and squeezing blackheads, but guess what, just seeing that black gunk coming out is just so satisfying! Not until years later that I learn that may not be the best way to get rid of blackheads on nose. Read on to find out why, what and most importantly, how to get rid of blackheads!
Why do we get blackheads?
We all have pores and when those pores become clogged with oil, dead skin cells and dirt, that’s when we get a blackhead or a whitehead.
What is blackheads vs whiteheads : What is the difference?
When too much oil is produced inside the pore and clogs up, it mixes with the built-up dead skin and bacteria that isn’t exfoliated. If the pore is open, the oil and dead skin at the top of the clogged pore are exposed to air and oxidize, thus forming a blackhead. What you see are the black dots that have formed on your skin, especially blackheads on the nose area.
Whiteheads are similarly formed through the mixture of excess sebum and dead skin in the pore. Difference is that the pore is closed, and hence air is not able to enter and the bacteria does not undergo a chemical reaction and remain white.
3 steps to remove blackheads at home easily
After we have understood how blackheads are formed, there really is just 3 basic ways that allows you to get rid of blackheads from the comfort of your home.
Step 1 - Skin exfoliation tool to get rid of dead skin
Your skin naturally regenerates around every 30 days and sheds dead skin cells. However, if not shed completely, dead skin cells lead to clogged pores. By exfoliating your skin regularly, it removes that upper layer of dead skin cells and prevents dirt, and makeup, from getting blocked inside your pores. This will prevent it from causing whiteheads, blackheads, or acne breakouts.
How to remove blackheads from nose, cheeks and forehead? You can use our recommended blackhead remover tool, Labelle L5 Ultrasonic Facial Cleanser Device. It is a facial cleanser machine which uses ultrasonic technology to painlessly exfoliate your skin, and get rid of blackheads and whiteheads instantly from beneath.
This replaces the painful and expensive traditional extraction methods used by beauty estheticians, which applies pressure on the spot to force the blackhead out. Blackhead extraction is best left to the professionals. Dermatologists or estheticians will have the right tools that are properly sanitized. Attempting to squeeze, pop, or extract the blackheads on your nose on your own and without professional help can result in redness, irritation, or permanent scarring.
Step 2 - Chemical exfoliants to get rid of excess sebum
To treat the root of the problem, it is important to deep cleanse your pores. Try using products that contain chemical exfoliants. An example is BHA (beta hydroxy acid) which are oil soluble and helps penetrate deeper into the pores to unclog them. Salicylic acid, one type of BHA, helps by dissolving skin debris that can clog up your pores. It also softens and loosens the skin cells, and in the process dissolve the blackheads. You can choose salicylic acid to exfoliate oily skin.
Another type of chemical exfoliant is PHA (polyhydroxy acids), which is more gentle on the skin than AHA and BHA. It's going to get slightly technical now, but it will be really useful for you to know.
Polyhydroxy acids, are larger molecules than AHAs and BHAs, and thus have a lesser ability to penetrate into your skin. But this isn’t a bad thing- it simply means that PHAs offer lower penetration and a much gentler exfoliating action. This is ideal for people who wishes to exfoliate for their sensitive skin regularly! You can get our Huangjisoo PHA toner peeling pads here.
Step 3 - Peel off masks to deep cleanse the pores
You can check out charcoal or clay masks too. They are useful to work deep into the pores and draw out dirt and other impurities. They are great detoxifiers and helps rid skin of excess oil and loosen clogged pores in the process.
Alternatively, you can try our gentlest Huangjisoo Cleansers, like how SNSD’s Sunny uses it as a cleansing mask too! Simply apply the foam cleanser on your face for 1-2 mins and let the microbubbles deep cleanse your pores and rinse off! Remember to apply moisturizer after that to keep your skin’s oil levels balanced, which is key to minimizing blackheads.
Why should you exfoliate skin?
Exfoliation is effectively unclogging your pores. Clearing away the layer of dead and dry skin, together with all the other surface dirt that remains on your skin, prevents it from making its way into your pores and causing stubborn whiteheads and blackheads.
Since pores are unclogged and the surface of the skin is free of any dead skin cells, your other skincare products are able to penetrate more deeply. That's why exfoliation should always be included in your skincare routine, so your expensive moisturizers and serums can work their magic.
Some people might choose to exfoliate before they start their day to help brighten your skin and prevent it from looking dull. Exfoliants break down dry and dead skin while smoothing texture, which means the skin appears to look more even and brighter toned.
Regular exfoliation also helps to stimulate collagen production and cell turnover to improve the skin's texture, integrity, and keep the skin looking plump, tight, and young.
How often exfoliate skin?
Exfoliation is one of the first few important steps of the Korean 10 Step skincare, and is important part of your cleansing routine.
It depends on the type of skin that you have and your daily routine. You do not need to exfoliate everyday and be careful not to over-exfoliate. Recommended for most people, exfoliate for sensitive skin should be kept to once a week. Exfoliate for dry skin can be 1-2 times a week. And exfoliate for oily skin can be 2-3 times a week.
If you use chemical exfoliants, you should alternate between the product and physical exfoliating. Also avoid exfoliating if you have cuts or open wounds on your skin.
What you should avoid when trying to get rid of blackheads?
In general, if your skin is acne-prone, it’s a good idea to avoid heavy oil-based products which is comedogenic, and will stay on top of the skin trapping sweat, dirt, and dead skin cells in your pores. Instead pick a gentle cleanser and a lightweight, hydrating moisturizer to keep your oil levels in check. We recommend you take a look at our list of comedogenic ingredients to avoid in all kinds of makeup and skin-care products, such as dimethicone.
Should we use blackhead pore strips to remove blackheads on nose? Blackhead pore strips temporarily remove a layer of skin, together with the oil and dirt that make up the blackhead. However, there is the risk that it only removes a superficial layer, and leaves part of blackheads behind. Also, the adhesive in blackhead pore strips can also irritate your skin, or even damage it if your skin is sensitive or thin. This leaves your skin looking irritated and red.
Are blackhead vacuums good? Pore vacuums are mini vacuums that work by using suction to deeply clean out your pores. It works best if the clogged pores were pre-loosened with products like salicylic acid. The suction has to create enough force and friction to physically pull the sebum and dead skin out. These devices are generally safe to use, but you’ll want to be careful with how powerful the suction is. Applying too much suction to the skin can lead to painful skin bruising.
In conclusion, none of the removal methods are permanent, and as long as dead skin cells and oils continue to accumulate in your pores, you will continue to have blackheads. At the end of the day, the key to fighting blackheads is to exfoliate regularly, and moisturize properly to keep our oil levels in check. Let us know if you have any great ideas on how to get rid of blackheads, and we will be happy to share.